Eid-al-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr, Eid ul-Fitr, Id-Ul-Fitr, Eid) starts on the very first day of the month of Shawwal and lasts till the third day. Muslims all around the world celebrate this event with fervour and happiness. On this day, no one criticises no one, rather everyone embraces the happiness that this event brings. People all around the world have different ways of celebrating this event, and organise different gatherings of family members and friends. Sweets and various types of dishes are made to express the joys of this day.
Other names of Eid-al-Fitr:
Eid-ul-Fitr is also widely known as Festival of Breaking The Fast, Smaller Eid, Choti Eid, Sweet Eid, The Lesser Eid, Meethi Eid etc. Whatever names we use for this festival, it is true that we all love this day and we express our love through different names and methods of celebration.
When is Eid al-Fitr 2020?
Eid-ul-Fitr or Eid-al-Fitr is the first day of Shawwal that marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan. On the 29th or 30th evening moon sighting is performed. Once the new moon is seen, the next day is considered as Eid day. In 2020, Eid is expected to be held on 24th of May (in case if moon is sighted on 29th of Ramadan), or 25th of May (in case if moon is sighted on 30th of Ramadan), in Pakistan. The occurrence of Eid depends on whether the new moon is sighted, however, aerospace experts can predict the date of occurence of Eid. The Meteorology Department of Pakistan has declared that there is a slight chance of moon sighting on 23rd May.
History of Eid-ul-Fitr:
Eid-ul-fitr and many other Islamic traditions were set and initialised in Madina. It is narrated by Hazrat Anas (RA) that when the Holy Prophet (SAW) arrived in Medina, he found people celebrating two specific days in which they entertained themselves with recreation and merriment. At this, the Prophet remarked that the Almighty has fixed two days of festivity instead of these for you which are better than these: Eid al-Fitr and Eid-al-Adha.
There exists another that the Holy Prophet (SAW) asked his followers to celebrate the end of Ramadan and successfully attaining boons of fasting and prayers in this month with a day called Eid ul-Fitr.
Since the announcement of the Holy Prophet (SAW), Muslims all around the world celebrate this day every year on the first three days of the Islamic month, Shawwal.
Rituals and Observances during Eid-ul-fitr:
How Eid ul Fitr is celebrated?
Eid ul-Fitr marks the end of dawn to dusk observance of fast and ban on some worldly affairs that are allowed in normal days. Rather, abstaining from eating and drinking, that is fasting, is prohibited during the first three days of Shawwal. These days are for enjoyment with certain limitations.
Muslims dress up to their best, pay charity, offer congregational prayer of Eid, and indulge in several individual as well as collective festivals and gatherings where Muslims meet and greet everyone with fervour and warmness.
It is a charity, the annual distribution which is essential for every Muslim, male or female, minor or adult who possesses means of the value which makes him or her liable for Zakat. Without the payment of Sadaqa-tul-Fitr, fasts of the month of Ramadan are not accepted by Allah Almighty.
Sadaqa-tul-fitr needs to be paid before the Eid prayer, however, due to some reason, if someone is unable to pay this sadaqa he can pay it after the prayer. Whereas, before the Eid prayer, the payment of this charity should be preferred.
The minimum amount of Sadaqa-tul-Fitr is 1.63 kg of wheat or its value. The sole purpose of paying Sadaqa-tul-Fitr is to enable the poor class to celebrate the happy occasion of Eid. According to one of the Hadith of the Holy Prophet (SAW) this charity also recompenses all the minor sins of payee committed during the month of Ramadan.
Namaz-e-Eid — Eid ul-Fitr Prayer:
Eid ul-Fitr prayer or Salat al-Eid is the Wajib (obligatory) prayer and offered in congregation. It is usually offered in large sized mosques, Eid Gah, or any ground that has the capacity to accommodate a large number of people.
How Eid-ul-Fitr prayer is performed?
There are two Rak’ahs is Eid prayer having six additional Takbeers — three Takbeers in each prayer. All the process is same except making of Niyyat and performance of Takbeers in their proper order.
In Niyyah, the performer has to include “with six additional Takbeers”. Then he starts the prayer with saying Allah-o-Akbar right after the imam. After Sana, three extra Takbeers of the first Rakat are performed and the Salat continues traditionally till the end of additional Surah that is recited after Fatiha. Right after the additional surah and before going to Rukuh, three additional Takbeers are performed and upon the fourth Takbeer the person offering prayer bends down to perform Ruku, and the rest of Salat is performed as it is normally performed.
On the completion of Eid prayer, a Khutba is performed by the imam followed by a prayer in which Muslims seek forgiveness and the reward of Allah Almighty for the whole humanity.
In conclusion, the imam greets Eid Mubarak to the whole crowd and people stand up and greet each other with warm hugs.
After Salat-e-Eid, people set out to meet and greet their friends and family members and indulge in various functions and gatherings where they enjoy and fascinate among the company of their companions.
Salat-ul-Eid is a congregational prayer and can only be performed in congregation. This is one of the reason that women are exempted from its obligation.
Traditions and ways of Eid-ul-Fitr celebration:
On Eid Muslims all around the world take a break from their works and enjoy and relax with family and friends. Eid-ul-Fitr is regarded as “Feast of the Fast Breaking”. People make different types of dishes and are fascinated by their tastes. Their is a public holiday on Eid-ul-fitr all over the Muslim countries and in non-Muslim countries, authorities and governments give a holiday to Muslims as a gesture of courtesy. They even celebrate this joyous moment along with Muslims and make their day special.
The first phase of Eid starts even before Eid. People start shopping for Eid, as everyone wants to look their best on this very occasion. Markets and Bazaars are usually filled with crowds who are seen buying clothes, new dresses, grooming products, home decoration, and variety of meals, bakery and other kitchen related products.
Although the whole process of preparations is tiresome but people do it with cheerfulness. They seem to enjoy every moment of these preparations.
Beauty parlors and salons become filled with men and women where they try to enhance their appearances.
The night before Eid-ul-fitr:
Normally, the streets, markets and shops seem filled with people. Some come out to spend this night with their family or friends, while others for groceries or other necessary deals.
There is another group of people who spend this night in remembering Allah and offering prayers. According to a Hadith, the Holy Prophet (SAW) has instructed his believers to worship during this night as Allah Almighty bestows His countless blessings on this night.
Getting ready for Eid:
The day starts with the morning prayer. Then we visit the graves of our loved ones and pray for them and greet them so that we don’t forget them even in the happiest moments of our lives. Then we set out to prepare for the Eid prayer and the day that follows. We take baths and put on the best dress from the wardrobe. Perfume and other essential grooming activities like combing the hair are done. Men set out for Eid prayer and women get busy in house chores and making feasts for family and guests.
Greeting Happy Eid to everyone:
After the offering of Eid prayer the imam greets Happy Eid to everyone and then the whole crowd follows by greeting and hugging fellow worshippers. Then everyone leaves for their or their relatives’ homes to greet the blessings of Eid.
People even set up gatherings to greet each other, even the loved ones from long distances visit each other to spend the blessed day with them. On this special occasion, all the grudges are put aside, disputes and resolved and people hug each other with warm hearts.
Eid Feasts and Sweet Dishes:
It is a tradition that special dishes are made on Eid day, especially sweet dishes. A mixture of traditional desi and western dishes are made. These include biryani, qorma, tikka, karahi, among some of desi delights and macaroni, chicken manchurian, pasta, among some of western foods. Sweet dishes include kheer, spaghetti, custard cake, among many others.
These dishes are served to family members and to guests and everyone gets fascinated by their taste.
This Eid is considered children’s Eid, as they receive different gifts and a huge sum of money enough to buy their favourite toys. Children await this day impatiently and when it comes, their faces become illuminated with happiness. Children are seen in various fascinated dresses and cute and adorable footwears. They seem to be the happiest creature living on this planet on this day. Furthermore, gifts are also exchanged between siblings, couples, friends and parents/children as a gesture of love and respect.
Family gatherings/friends gatherings/parties:
On this day, we get a chance to spend time with our family and friends as all types of jobs and businesses get closed on this day. We get no reason not to meet each other and celebrate this day. Rather, this occasion provides an opportunity to forgive each other’s misconducts and put aside personal grudges.
Family and friends events are held where everyone just tries to live in the moment. Several activities are performed like games, cooking, and barbecue among others.
Outing and picnic:
This activity is mostly done on the second and third day of Eid as most people get free after dealing with guests and greeting their friends and family members. Close friends or family members visit theme parks, gardens, natural picnic spots and other recreational locations where they could get fascinated by the beautiful scenery and other recreational activities.
Eid ul-Fitr Prayer timings in different countries across the world:
Eid prayer time starts when the sun reaches two meters above the horizon and lasts until it reaches its meridian before the Zuhr prayer. According to the Sunnah of the holy Prophet (SAW), Eid-ul-fitr prayer is delayed and Eid-ul-Adha is hastened. The reason is that in Eid-ul-Fitr the Sadaqah could be distributed among poors before the Eid Salat and in Eid-ul-Adha sacrifice could be performed after the prayer.
Eid ul-fitr Prayer time in UAE:
Eid ul-Fitr Prayer timings vary from state to state in UAE, starting from 5:43 a.m till 6:00 a.m. You will have to get up early in the morning and rush for the prayer to reach the mosque in time.
Eid prayers as of 2019 in different regions of the UAE are given below:
Eid ul Fitr Prayer Time in Abu Dhabi: 05.50am
Eid ul Fitr Prayer Time in Al Ain: 05.44am
Eid ul Fitr Prayer Time in Dubai: 05.45am
Eid ul Fitr Prayer Time in Sharjah: 05.44am
Eid ul Fitr Prayer Time in Ras Al Khaimah: 05.41am
Eid ul Fitr Prayer Time in Fujairah: 05.41am
Eid ul Fitr Prayer Time in Umm Al Quwain: 05.43am
Eid ul Fitr Prayer Time in Ajman: 05.44am
Eid ul-Fitr Prayer time in Pakistan:
Likewise in UAE, Eid al-fitr prayer time varies from region to region, city to city, and even varies in intra-city regions in Pakistan. During the Khutba of Last Friday (Jumma tul Widah) of Ramadan, imam declares the exact time of Eid ul-Fitr Salat. Everyone follows and agrees upon that time and get prepared for the namaz keeping in mind that time.
Eid ul-Fitr prayer timings in different cities were as follows in 2019:
Eid ul-Fitr Prayer time in Lahore: 7:00am to 8:30am
Eid ul-Fitr Prayer time in Karachi: 6:15am to 9.30am
Eid ul-Fitr Prayer time in Islamabad: 6:30am to 8:00am
Eid ul-Fitr Prayer time in Saudi Arabia:
Similar to UAE, Eid ul-fitr prayer in Saudia Arabia is offered quite early in the morning. In Saudi Arabia, this prayer is offered as soon as the Sun rises. Following are the timings of 2019 in different parts of the country regarding the offering of Eid ul-Fitr prayer:
Eid al Fitr Prayer Time in Makkah, KSA: 6:00am
Eid al Fitr Prayer Time in Jeddah, KSA: 6:00am
Eid al Fitr Prayer Time in Riyadh, KSA: 5:20am
Eid al Fitr Prayer Time in Dammam, KSA: 5:05am
Whether Eid prayer is offered in any part of the world, this prayer signifies the gratitude and happiness of Muslim Ummah that they successfully kept all the fasts of Ramadan and collected as much bounties of this world as they could. After this prayer they resemble white clothes that do not contain even a tiny stain.
Eid Mubarak greetings templates for text messages, whatsapp messages and status updates:
- May this Eid bring happiness into your as well as your family’s lives. May you have a blessed Eid with lots of blessings by Allah Almighty.
- I am grateful to Allah for blessing us with this month of countless blessings and bounties (the month of Ramadan) and enabled us to worship Him with fervour and out of love for Him. Now as this day marks the end of this month of blessings, I wish you all Happy Eid. May this day bring all the happiness of the world to your and your families and may you enjoy each and every moment of this day with zeal and passion.
- As this Eid brings the end to the Holy month, I pray to Allah that He accepts our endeavours made during this month, the sole purpose of which was only His satisfaction with our Emaan. I wish you this blessed day and I wish that you and your family reap all the happiness of this day, and this Eid becomes the most memorable day of your life.
FAQs about Eid ul-Fitr — Some commonly asked questions about Eid ul-fitr:
As Eid ul-Fitr is around the corner and we are busy in its preparations on different levels according to our requirements and personal concerns. Some people are busy in buying new outfits, others in renovating their houses and other belongings, and some others in helping those unprivileged who can’t enjoy this Eid without their help and aid.
We are busy in preparations according to our own way but sometimes, some of us don’t care about some basic concepts and questions regarding this spiritual and blessed festival.
Following are some of those questions and which are tried to be answered to their best:
Why we celebrate Eid ul-Fitr?
We spend the month of Ramadan in remembrance of Allah Almighty and keep ourselves indulged in His worship as much as we can. We spend this month unlike nine other months, staying away from many worldly affairs that are allowed during other eleven months of the year. So, as a reward Allah Almighty has set this day for us to celebrate and be thankful to Allah for granting the Ramadan to seek His forgiveness and His bounties.
Furthermore, this day is not fabricated and set by Muslims to celebrate, rather this was announced by the Holy Prophet (SAW) as the day of festival for the Muslims.
Is Eid ul-Fitr mentioned in the Holy Quran?
Eid al-Fitr is not mentioned in the Holy Quran. However, Hadith and Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (SAW) legitimise this day as a festival for the whole Muslim Ummah.
What does Eid Mubarak mean?
Eid Mubarak is an Arabic word. Eid means ‘feast’ while Mubarak means ‘blessed’. As this day breaks the fasts and this is also the reason that we prepare different delicious dishes for ourselves and get fascinated by their tastes.
What is the difference between Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha:
Eid ul-Fitr is the “festival of breaking fast”, while Eid ul-Adha is the “festival of sacrifice”. Eid ul-Fitr is celebrated on the first of Shawwal, the tenth month of the Islamic calendar. Eid ul-Adha is celebrated on the tenth of Dhul-Hajj, the twelve month of Islamic calendar.
There is also a difference of significance of both of the Eids. Eid ul-Fitr signifies the end of fasting and is a gift by Allah Almighty in return for fasting for a whole month. On the contrary, Eid ul-Adha is celebrated as a remembrance of the sacrifice given by Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) on the call of Allah Almighty.