The term psychosocial is derived from two separate words: psycho and social. As the term signifies, psychosocial disorders are mental health disorders caused by some or many social factors. Psychological disorders are becoming common among masses due to strained economic stress, family pressures and other life problems. Due to these issues generate mental stress, anxiety, and depression, among other mental health diseases.
To mention here, psychosocial mental diseases are the diseases caused by or linked to social factors or social reasons. Sometimes a social trauma can have a severe and long lasting impact on a person and leave him with nothing but psychological disorders.
Classification of Psychosocial Disorders:
Psychosocial disorders can be many in many forms. Some of the important psychosocial disorders are discussed below:
There are some physical disorders that cause mental disorders directly or indirectly. To mention some, epilepsy and diabetes can cause AIDs and stress disorders respectively. To eliminate these disorders, psychosocial nursing diagnosis methods are used and the disease is tried to be cured by addressing its root cause.
Adjustment issues upto some extent are normal, however, if these issues pertain to every condition and become a part of life, then it is a serious issue and needs proper attention. We all have adjustment issues with people, places, or things but these issues are normal if limited. If a person feels uncomfortable with almost every place, person, or thing, or new experiences, then he needs psychological care and cure.
Mood Swings Disorder:
Overthinking is also linked with this kind of disorder. Patients with mood swings disorder could be really happy at one time and suddenly lose their temper suddenly. This type of disease can also be cured with psychosocial nursing diagnosis.
This disorder is related to eating habits and preferences. It is mostly common in western states, especially in women, and more specifically in teenage girls. People with edible disorder attain anorexia or bulimia nervosa. In anorexia, the patient becomes too cautious about weight gain and tries to eat less. This causes abnormal weight loss, fatigue and loss of energy. In bulimia nervosa, patients eat a large amount of food and then try to counter it by reducing the amount of meal to a huge extent. Patients often try to vomit out the food taken. This kind of disease is also cured by psychosocial nursing diagnosis.
This disorder includes diseases like dementia, alzhiemers, and amnesia, in which individuals face memory loss upto the extent depending on the severity of the disease. This disease is linked with brain cells and their activity. Over a period of time, the brain cells stop working properly causing the patient with short or long term memory losses and other serious illnesses.
Causes of Psychosocial Disorders:
Psychosocial disorders can be caused by a number of factors like:
Family problems etc.
Problems Related to Psychosocial Disorders:
All the above discussed factors can cause various psychosocial disorders that develop various problems for patients. These problems include:
Lack of self confidence and self esteem
Anxiety and severe stress
Inability to cope with social problems
Suicide related thoughts
Restlessness and tiredness
Lack of hope
Inability to cope with problems
Psychosocial Nursing Diagnosis Techniques and Care Plans:
Psychiatric nursing care plans or psychosocial nursing care plans are those that are used by psychiatrists to cure patients with psychosocial disorders. These are a set of predefined plans that are processed on psychiatric patients. Some of these plans are discussed below:
Prescribed Therapies to be done with Families and Friends:
Psychiatric prescribes a set of practices and therapies to friends and family members of the patient. Family members or friends are those social circles that are not time bound. Therefore, it is easy for the family members to practice these therapies on the patient without setting aside any specific time.
It is a kind of cure in which a patient is motivated under certain circumstances to do or undergo certain activities that he might not do due to his psychosocial disorder. It is a kind of therapeutic cure through which some favourable conditions are established that might interest or motivate the patient in performing certain tasks that are necessary to cure his mental condition. To give an example, a patient with an eating disorder can be cautioned about weight loss or deprivation of certain important nutrients. This becomes a trigger for the patient to alter his illness through these reinforcement measures.
Assessment and Interview:
This is a direct one to one interaction between doctor and patient. In this live interaction, patient is asked a set of questionnaires and made to answer them, while at the same time his facial expressions along with his answers are read and noted. This is the most effective way to assess a patient’s condition and to treat him accordingly.
In this method a set of questions are distributed among patients of preferably the same kind of disorder to seek some answers in order to analyse and cure the disease. This is quite an easy but not a perfect method to treat patients with psychological disorders. The reason is that a patient while answering the questions could wrongly answer the questions and portray his false behaviour and personality. In this way, it becomes hard to assess the true condition of the patient in some cases. Thus, it is not a highly recommended care option.
Psychological Sessions and Therapies:
In this case, patients undergo various sessions in which they are afforded with certain therapies. Therapy is always a better option, whether it be physical or psychological. This is a natural way to get the patient back to his normal life. In this case all negative thoughts and reservations should be avoided as therapies cause a slow recovery and it is very easy for the patient to doubt the process.